Lecture 9: Galaxy morphology


Binney and Merrifield, 4.1

Optional reading:

van den Bergh, S. 1998, Galaxy morphology and classification (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).  A short, authoritative, and modern review of galaxy classification.

Hubble, E. 1936, The realm of the nebulae. The classic description of galaxy morphology

Sandage A. , and Bedke, J. 1994, The Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies. The definitive description of Hubble's classification scheme and a beautiful collection of galaxy photographs. Should be on every astronomer's coffee table.

Sandage, A. 1975, in Galaxies and the Universe, ed. Sandage, A., Sandage, M., and Kristian, J. (Chicago: University 
of Chicago Press), 1. A very good review of the principal photographically based classification schemes, and 
especially of their early history.

de Vaucouleurs, G. 1959, Handbuch der Physik 53, 275. de Vaucouleurs'  refinement and revision of the Hubble 

Elmegreen, D. M., & Elmegreen, B. G. 1987, ApJ  314, 3 - classification based on spiral arm appearance

Arp, H. 1966, ApJSupp 14, 1 - the famous Atlas of peculiar galaxies. Also available as a book, or online here

Nakamura, O., et al. 2003, AJ 125, 1682 - visual Hubble classification of 1500 SDSS galaxies 

Ball, N., et al. 2004, MNRAS 348, 1038 - Classification of SDSS galaxies using neural nets

Web-based image collections:

Anglo-Australian Observatory images by David Malin - possibly the best available galaxy images, but limited mostly to the southern hemisphere

NOAO image gallery - 150 galaxy images

Hubble Space Telescope images: see here or here 

Astronomy picture of the day - roughly 1000 high-quality images on various astronomical subjects

SDSS images on Robert Lupton's web page

NYU image gallery - over 400 images of nearby galaxies from SDSS

or just use Google